AP Psych Chapter 5
Use your textbook to complete these questions.
Select your name from the list.
Changes controlled by a genetic blueprint, such as an increase in height or the size of the brain, are examples of ________.
Pavlov placed meat powder in the mouths of dogs, and they began to salivate. The food acted as a(n) ________.
What was the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) in the case of Little Albert?
a loud noise
a small enclosed space
a high chair
Thorndike was known for his work with ________.
a puzzle box
a Skinner box
Under what circumstances will a reinforcer make the target response more likely to occur again?
if it is a primary reinforcer
regardless of whether it is a positive or negative reinforcer, a reinforcer makes a response more likely to occur.
if it is a positive reinforcer
if it is a negative reinforcer
What has occurred when there is a decrease in the likelihood or rate of a target response?
positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement
When Keller and Marian Breland, two psychologists who became animal trainers, decided that it would be cute to have a pig drop a big wooden coin into a box, they found that ________.
the pig showed intrinsic interest in the task and so reinforcement was unnecessary
the pig displayed instinctive drift by dropping the coin, rooting, and throwing the coin in the air
food was not an effective reinforcer for the pig and so learning didn't occur
when given edible roots as reinforcers, the pig learned the task in less than ten trials
Learning that occurs but is not immediately reflected in a behavior change is called ________.
The "aha!" experience is known as ________.
Cheryl is trying to teach her son to do the laundry by watching her. According to observational learning theory, to be effective what must occur?
Her son must always model the behavior immediately.
Her son must be able to complete other tasks while watching her.
Her son must be motivated to learn how to do the laundry.
Cheryl must show her son how to do the laundry while she is making dinner.